Sunday, July 23, 2023

How to fix timestamps on Mac Photos exported files

This is a "Remind my future self how to do this, but hopefully it'll be helpful for the rest of y'all too" post!

To change the timestamps on files exported from the Mac's Photos app to match the dates that the photos and/or videos were actually taken:

1. Install exiftool if it isn't already installed:

brew install exiftool

2. One a a time, run these two commands from the terminal, from the directory where the files are located:

for file in *.jpeg; do touch -t "$(exiftool -p '$CreateDate' -d '%Y%m%d%H%M' "$file")" "$file"; done

for file in *.mov; do touch -t "$(exiftool -p '$CreationDate' -d '%Y%m%d%H%M' "$file")" "$file"; done

When those are done, each file's timestamp should match the actual date that the photo or video was taken.

Any The ExtractEmbedded option may find more tags in the media data warnings can be ignored.


When copying photos and/or videos from an iPhone to a Mac, the copied photos don't end up as individual files in the Mac's filesystem. Instead, they become part of the "Photos Library" on the Mac, in which all photos and movies are stored in a single "blob" file.

Fortunately -- for the purpose of copying and/or backing up photos elsewhere, on non-Apple computers or cloud storage -- the Mac's Photos app provides a capability to "export" photos and videos from the library as individual files. (This is accessed via File menu > Export.)

Two export options are provided: "Unmodified Originals" (which tend to have large file sizes); or as JPG, TIFF, or PNG files (for photos), and .mov files for videos (which produces smaller file sizes).

Unfortunately, the exported photo and image files have a timestamp (shown as "Date Modified" in Finder) of the time the export was performed -- not the time that each individual photo or video was actually taken.

For me, having the date shown for each file in Finder match the date that the photo/video was originally taken is a lot more useful. Hence, the procedure described earlier in this post to make that change.

"CreateDate" versus "CreationDate"

You may have noticed that in the two terminal commands above, the former uses the EXIF tag "CreateDate", and the latter, "CreationDate".

For some reason -- for photos and videos exported using the Photos app on macOS Ventura 13.4, and originally taken on an iPhone running iOS 16.5 -- exported .jpeg and .mov files, respectively, have inconsistent sets of EXIF tags.

The EXIF tags on a paritcular file can be inspected using exiftool via a terminal command like:

exiftool -s my_photo.jpeg

For my exported .jpeg files, this produces output like (with irrelevant tags excluded):

CreateDate: 2023:07:04 09:51:12

There's no "CreationDate" tag present.

For my exported .mov files,  the output is like:

CreateDate: 2023:07:22 14:04:56
CreationDate: 2023:07:04 13:39:20+02:00

So both CreateDate and CreationDate values are present; however, here, "CreateDate" is the timestamp of the Mac Photos app export, and CreationDate is the actual time the video was recorded.

I'm sure there are excellent reasons behind this seemingly-inconsistent state of affairs; I am not aware of what those might be. 😅 In any event, it was easy enough, one I investigated and figured out what was going on, to split the exiftool command into two separate parts, for the EXIF tags that are actually present and correct in the .jpeg and .mov files, respectively.

Credit for the original exiftool command that I adapted here goes to Daniel Schofield on the Ask Different Stack Exchange site.

Friday, July 21, 2023

Recommended for international travel in Switzerland: "Traverlers Wifi"

(Note: I have no affiliation with "Travelers Wifi," nor is this a paid post. I'm just a fan!)

My family and I were fortunate enough to be able to spent the past sixteen days traveling abroad in Switzerland. To cover us while there, our current cell provider, AT&T, wanted US $10 per person per day. For just one person, that of course would work out to $160; for the four of us with cell phones, we'd have gotten hit for $640. Eek!

My wife Melissa, an excellent hobbyist travel planner, researched, and landed on Travelers Wifi as the solution. It's a cell-phone-sized device that provides cellular connectivity in Switzerland (specifically that one country), and allows up to 5 client devices at a time to connect via Wi-Fi to access the Internet.

Travelers Wifi device

The device cost €5.90 (a little over US $6) per day. Quite the cost savings over the up-to-$40-daily that we would have been spending!

Bottom line: It worked great! 

The device connected with no issues and had good Internet speeds everywhere we went (Zurich, Lucerne, Lauterbrunnen and the Berner Oberland region, Vevey and environs, and Geneva). 

Our device was good for about eight hours of battery life on a full (overnight) charge. That's not quite a full day of adventures, but it was not to worry: We had come prepared with a few external battery packs with USB-A outputs; connecting one of those to the Travelers Wifi device was more than enough to get it through an entire day. I'd recommend being similarly prepared to back up the Travelers Wifi device with an external battery.

Pick-up of the device in Zurich was trivial; Travelers Wifi has a dedicated storefront in the Zurich airport in the public (outside of security) area, and they were able to look up our online reservation (made in advance, prior to our trip) and hand over the device with no issues.

Return of the device was similarly easy; although the Geneva airport (from which we were departing) has no Travelers Wifi storefront, it does have several of the yellow "Die Post" mailboxes. The Travelers Wifi comes with a "self-addressed stamped envelope"; we just put the device and it's included cable and wall charger into that envelope, and dropped the resultant thin package into a mailbox at the airport.

I'm happy to be able to cheerfully recommend Travelers Wifi to anyone traveling abroad in Switzerland!